The 100 Mile Trial
Sarah's comments on salt dilemma.
Sorry to take
so long to get back to you on the salt issue. You raise some very interesting
questions. It certainly prompted me to have a long hard think about the
things I will struggle to go without. The difficulty with bending a rule
is knowing where to stop and start and I have been thinking about how
difficult life without my Murray river salt flakes will be.
I wonder if it may be easier to not have the bending of rules just for
the week and after that we can go back to more flexability. It's just
a thought and like you I am not hard and fast about this. I do think a
consistent approach is good though. We have decided to not use the produce
from the farm and the rabbit wil stay in the freezer and we will consume
the rest tonight!!
Looking forward to discussing this further.
Jonathon - on yoghurt.
Sadly to say fellow 100 Milers, Jalna’s Bio Dynamic yoghourt comes
from the one farm but it’s near Echuca so not within our 100 mile
At last rang
Cheetham Salt (5275 8000). They process salt in Corio, near Geelong (66
kms). All salt comes from either Price in South Australia (859 kms) or
Sea Lake, near Swan Hill in Victoria (355 kms). Retails as Mermaid, Kooka,
Sunray, Diamond, Crown brands. Is often mixed up, but as a general rule,
higher priced is from SA, lower priced VIC.
I struggle with bending the rules to allow this salt as we've tried to
define 'sourced from within 160kms' as grown rather than simply processed.
But I also struggle with not having this basic flavor for food. I then
had a brainwave. Where is the nearest salt? Yes in our beloved bay! So
I began enthusiastically designing my evaporative tray and planning my
beach trip when Janet pointed out that our bay is not what it used to
be. Little bit of toxic dredging to stir us up our appetites. So after
much discussion we decided that if we wanted that salty flavor we could
(1) cook everything in butter – yum!, or (2) cook everything with
bacon - extra yum! (..very vegan, hey?) ....And after more discussion,
realised that the salt in these products most likely come from the same
Cheetham plant, given they're the largest producers of salt in Australia.
So maybe we could bend the rule for just a pinch of salt. 100 Mile Cafe
- Interested to know what you think.
No luck here.
Found that 'WD Seed' (534 56224) is oat processing plant in Creswick,
near Ballarat (123 km). They have grain from Victoria but also from NSW.
All mixed together. Processing will happen in 2 weeks. Anyone know where
Biodynamic Market source their oats from?
Clarrity around distance of food. Sarah.
Just wanted to clarify if we had discussed consuming produce that has
been obtained further from 100 miles if you have been visiting that region.
On the weekend we were visiting with our mother in law in Gippsland, who
has quite a large garden and gave us some produce as well as soem fresh
rabbit from her property and some lemon - tea tree leaves which are great
as a tea. We also stopped at a roadside stall and picked up some local
spuds and duck eggs. I remember this being discussed at our initial meeting
but could not quite remember where we got to.
Sounds like you had a good weekend with the folks. Missed you and Phil
on Saturday. Glad you're still on board. To
some extent, you can decide the parameters of the trial for your household.
The general rule is grown within the 160km radius, but there will be exceptions.
If we can document the reasons behind these exceptions (like you have)
I think it adds to the experience. Underneath it all is each of us trying
to get more understanding of where our food comes from. Being aware of
our impact and therefore able to be responsible for it in a new way. (Just
my thoughts. Others may have different view).
After Rita's inquiry about how to let retailers know where the radius
extends to, I've put this map in. I suggest
you print it out and take it with you. You can view more details by zooming
in at http://100milediet.org/get-started/map#
Daylesford Macedon Produce
Great resource! growers, winemakers and food producers of the Daylesford
Macedon Region. http://www.dmproduce.com.au
137 Miller Street, Thornbury - stock Wessex Saddleback pork from rare
pigs at Fernleigh Farms, Trenthan. Open Monday - Friday: 7 am - 5 pm,
Saturday: 9 am - 1 pm. Phone: 03 9484 0469 or 03 9484 9661. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Southern Light teas
our hopes for green and black tea have been dashed (sorry Jonathon). Seems
Southern Light get their peppermint locally but other herbals yet to be
Wangara Game Shop, Kensington
website details. See Jonathon for orders. lhttp://www.wangaragame.com.au/default.html
100 Mile Cafe. Rita.
Just to let you all know that I found out tonight that 'The 100 Mile Cafe'
is actually still open (but they are closing 20 Dec/closed on Sundays).
So, anyway, I am still keen to go to 'The 100 Mile Cafe' over the week
of the trial. Level 3, Melbourne Central, 211 La Trobe St, Melbourne Victoria
3000, P 9654 0808 Open Monday to Sat till late.
'Council House Two Eat Drink'.
All food/drinks are not necessarily within a 100 mile radius, but they
try to do that as much as possible, as well as source organic produce
Meeting at Shaun & Neesh's place, Yarraville: minutes
Who: Neesh, Rita, Phil, Jonathon, Nick, Janet, Emma K, Louise,
assorted kids. Apologies from Ken, Kim. Everyone was somewhat tired yet
managed to formulate a plan!
The big Tick :) – things we have:
* Oranges, grapefruit – Neesh has lots of local ones from neighbourhood
* Fruit and Veg #1– CERES market. Open Wednesday, Friday, Saturday
9 – 1pm.
* Fruit and Veg #2– Also Romsey (65kms) fruit stall at Yarraville
market. Janet just got broad-beans, beetroot, broccoli, potato, apples,
silverbeet, pumpkin & asparagus.
* Fruit and Veg #3– WOC and SOC vegie box had these things from
within radius this week – 21 Nov (likely same next week): carrots,
bok choy, lettuce, squash, apples, oranges. Kim's pretty sure last week's
oranges were from the same farm. Plenty of orange juice next week! Squash
and carrots may freeze for next week??
* Walnuts from Dandenongs (~50kms) – available at Footscray market
– Michaels nut shop.
* Flour – Wheat, Splet and Rye from Powelett Hill Biodynamic Farm
in Clunes (148kms) via Biodynamic Marketing. If you haven't heard already,
Louise has ordered a giant 25kg bag which you can order some from.
* Eggs – via Biodynamic marketing – 'Spring Plains'/'Bullfrog
Gully' dozen free range eggs (ranging from $6.25 for Size 45s to $8.80
for Size 75s.) Spring Plains eggs are from Shelford, near Geelong (106km).
Contact Louise to order.
* Bread – major find by Rita. Loafer Bread, 146 Scotchmer St, North
Fitzroy. Apparently they get their flour for some products (100 % Rye
bread, Spelt bread) from Biodynamic Marketing, and this is milled by Powlett
Hill Biod Farm at Clunes. Starter culture maybe from somewhere else, but
is likely to be less than 10% of product.
Other leads for bread may be Natural tucker Bakery, North Fitzroy, and
Pure Bread Bakey. Yet to chase these leads.
* Fish – Buxton Trout Farm (102km). Fish grown at farm but fishes
food pellets are sourced from Tasmania and elsewhere (...and who knows
where to source fish for the food pellets come from?). Nancy & Max
Leslie are picking up an order of fish on the way through this Friday.
They're about $5 for each smoked trout. See Nick to order before Wednesday.
* Chook – Bendigo chicken retails through Wangara Game Shop, Kensington
. Whole chook (size 12) is $10.65, and the thigh fillets skin off are
$19.35/kg. Bendigo is 154 kms, assuming that farms are in area.
* Oil - Safflower oil (500ml @ $5.90) through Biod Marketing – see
Louise. Also Olivessence, Seddon. Has map on wall with actual farms that
supply oil. We have a 5L of 'the Jones' Maldon Olive oil. Comes from Maldon
* Dairy – Bravo Janet! Yes big find was that local organic dairy
farmers in Gippsland have formed together into a co-operative to sell
their milk to the bigger guys such as Parmalat and Pureharvest (brands
Parmalat Organic & Organic Valley - respectively). This group is marketed
under “True Organic” brand - see http://www.trueorganic.com.au/
- and consists of 13 farms, 3 of which fall outside the radius, with two
of these 3 being very small farms. It's most likely that this milk is
85-90% within the radius. So we could use Parmallt organic available at
Coles, or source it through organic groceries such as Flinders Organic
in center of City. True Organic also market the following cheeses: Cheddar,
Gouda, Edam, Mozzarella & Pecorino, but avoid the chedder as it travels
to Bega for processing before coming back to Victoria. They've also got
butter, which is presently stored at Cheltenham. Janet is to pickup a
couple of cartons which will be stored in Louise's freezer.
* Honey - Neesh has a 27kg tub on tap, 'Raw Honey' branding, sourced from
Yarraville Farmer Market. Yet to clarify the specific area but from within
zone. Contact her - BYO container & cash.
The big Questions
Marks ??? – things we need:
* Onions? Seems we shall use leeks, shallots, spring onions.
* Tomatoes – home-bottled ones or tinned (may need to chase down
* Blueberries – Louise to chase up at Pompello, Seddon. Also to
ask if interested in signing the 100 Mile produce.
* Oats – Nick, the non gluten one is looking for oats... any leads?
* Corn – sure it's grown in the radius, just not ready at this time
of year. Hoping that there may be some produce of locally grown corn (ie.
polenta, maize flour).. any clues?
* Salt – still yet to confirm with Cheetham Salt in Geelong if any
of the salt processed there is actually local, within radius. Will chase
Next time we
* Morning Breakfast of the Trial: 7:30am till 9:30, at Louise & Joel's
place, Footscray. Phew – early one!
* Final celebration
meal: 6.30pm till 8.30, at Nick & Janet's, Footscray. Another early
* Anyone want
to do a 100 Mile Cafe lunch (if they're open) in the meantime?
For all you Beer drinkers.
Some discussion was
had regarding the many micro breweries close to Melbourne but the uncertainty
of where the actual malt and grain came from.
Powells Malt is a
family-owned and operated business supplying organic beer malt to micro
and regional breweries.
They're in 111 Portingales Lane, Romsey, 3434. (65kms) (Grant Powell 8415
0331 Mobile +61 4 9877 4334.) See
article that sheds some light at this Age
I still don't know
here the barley comes from.. but I'm sure the Powells do.
Alicia's sourdough bread recipe.
1. Take out 200gms
out of starter. Add to starter 100ml water and 115gm flour and secured
lid. Do this every day or so.
2. To make bread take the 200gms of starter and add 325ml of water. Whisk
in. Add 250 gm of flour and 1 1/2 tsp of salt. Mix till combined. Leave
for 10 - 14 hours under a cloth.
3. Add 200gm of flour and give a gentle knead. Might take more flour but
is designed to be a fairly wet dough (ket hands dusted in flour)Dough
should rise much quicker with second installment of flour. Leave to prove
for 4 hours
4. Kneed dough for approx 5 minutes until springy and smooth. Shape loaf/loaves
and place in an oiled tin or on a tray dusted with semolina.
5. Leave to rise - until 2 times size.
6. Bake in hot oven for 20-30 mins till nice and brown. Bread will sound
hollow if you tap the bottom.
It works! Tried and tested at Nick & Janets. Yumbo.
(Now to try a gluten
Oats update from Kim
..I managed to track
down Malcolm Orr of Lightwood Farm regarding oats. We had a really nice
chat. He explained he hasn't done oats for a number of years due to the
drought, but has actually got some in this year. He said he will only
harvest if there is enough rain, and that won't be before Christmas. Ah,
well. I thought it would be worth telling you this so that no one else
doubles up. On a good note though, he did give me the name of someone
else he knows who grows oats in Rocklynn..
Sample menu – what Nick's household is thinking of eating. Found
Meeting at Yarravlle Farmers Market: minutes
Emma, Ken, Phil, John, Nick, Janet, Rita, Phil, Shaun, Neesh. Thanks for
coming and sharing your finds.
Finds at the
* Great grower stall from Romsey. Has about 3 acres. Range of veg. Non-certified,
but organic practice. Possible to stock up at market on 22nd. - see Shaun
* Axedale olives
A. self-audit - looking
at what we presently eat our menu - what we will eat in that week
B. alternatives - finding replacements (Investigations: Shaun –
Soy; Ken – dairy; Nick – fish; Sarah – honey, spices,
C. process -how do we document successes & shortfalls. Ideas included
* reflections on how people found it – record at last dinner
* recipe book – with all meals, ingredients sourced
* database with contact details
* 6th is Maribrynong Veg swap meet so potentially get vegies for week
– See Neesh
* Janet talked to Mark at Pompello fruit shop in Seddon. They are willing
to put up signs with kms for that week.
* Cultivating communities have a fruit tree map for the City of Yarra
– see Alicia
* Hazelnuts and blueberries - see Alicia.
* Lessons in yogurt making and bread making - see Alicia.
* Solar dryer project - see Shaun
In season for our trial (according to www.organgesandlemons.com.au)-
Fruit: lemons, grapefruit, rasberries, apples, strawbeerries, blueberries,
oranges, plums; Veg: asapragus, brocilli, cabbage, mushrooms, onions,
peas, parsnips, silverbeets, spinach, lettuce, potatoe, rubarb
List of priorities
(what we see as essential to chase up on):
* green tea
* lentils & pulses, chickpeas
* cereals - John to chase up Powlett Hill to see if there are any places
that value add to their flour products (ie. make bread, cereals)
* have trial for each season
* have preserving day, bread making day, yoghurt making day, soy milk
* shared meals - start & end, other?
* media - Age is not going to take up article now. However, independant
journo Shaun interviewed Nick regarding article for local 'Star' newspaper.
Suggestion that he come to bfore and sfater meal to get views of participating
people. Who else from media to invite? Local council?
Cheese info from Kim
Below is an email
reply I received from Corinne of Drysdale Cheeses on the Bellarine Peninsula.
Main point is that their cheeses can be found in only 1 place in Melbourne:
Leo's Fine Foods, Princes Street, Kew. I'm hoping to get some solid info
re Jindi cheeses in the next week. Also, Oliveessence in Seddon has olive
oil from Axedale, Maldon and Kyneton. All within our range. Cheers,
-------- Original Message --------
Hi Kim. Congratulations on your 100 mile diet attempt. It is so good
to see people thinking about what they put in their mouths and how
food production affects everything. We only have one retail outlet
that we supply in Melbourne, and that was because the shop manager
stalked me for so long that I finally gave up and started sending him
cheese! The shop is Leo's Fine Foods, in Princes St., KEW. There are
six shops on the Bellarine peninsula that stock our cheeses. Please
let me know if you need more details. Thank-you for your interest in
our cheeses, we try to farm and breed our animals with sound ethics
and permaculture principles. We are not organic, but do believe in a
holistic approach to agriculture. Thanks again, Corinne Blacket
Food miles info for the CERES market, from Emma. It changes weekly according
to where they are getting their produce. http://www.ceres.org.au/farm/marketfoodmiles.php
Info from Sarah.
www.screamingseeds.com.au 5221 8522. I think they are a local coastal
company that state they have local and global - seeds and spices.
Hillbilly Farms 9737 9539
Archibald Honey 9551 1860
G's Bees Honey 9356 0613
and www.purepeninsulahoney.com.au - have about 20 stockists all over melb-
For all you meat eaters, Kim passed on this great information.
Wangara Poultry and
Game Pty Ltd
1/321 Arden St, Kensington 3031. Ph 9376 8188
A wholesale supplier for restaurants and the like (including the 100 mile
Free Range Chicken (whole and cuts) and Wild Rabbit from Bendigo Gourmet
Poultry and Game. They also do other crazy gourmet things like duck, quail,
squab pigeon, spatchcock, etc. They also have cornfed chicken, so be sure
to ask for the free range.
Wangara sells for
other poultry and game suppliers, and include all sorts of meats like
emu, crocodile, camel, goat, snails, and wagyu beef - not in the 100 miles
but some in Victoria.
Have some great info below from Emma Keogh.
Lighthouse Olive Oil and Drysdale goats cheese, both from Portarlington
on the Bellarine peninsula. Yum!
As Emma suggested,
as we find essentials from good sources, it is worth us talking about
buying in bulk and sharing them out.
Also talk to Emma and Alicia about their 'best ever' homemade chocolate
ice cream - obviously the chocolate isn't local but the rest is. Maybe
for we could sample at our meetings pre or post trial. Or perhaps you
may have suggestions for some other 'local' ice-cream flavourings.
Virgin Olive Oil
Murradoc Olive Grove & Mill 600 Andersons Road ,Drysdale 3222 Phone
03 5253 2133
Lighthouse Extra Virgin Olive Oil is grown and processed on Murradoc Farm
in Drysdale. 11,000 olive trees sit on 165 acres overlooking sweeping
views of Queenscliff and Swan Bay where the cool temperature maritime
climate gives olives a distinct character, aroma and flavour. Yellow
Label Extra Virgin Olive can be bought in 20 litre drums with a tap or
4 Litre tins. The cost of the 20 litre drum is $260.00 ($13.00 per litre)
or $55.00 for 4 litres ($13.75 per litre). Website:
is the first commercial goat cheese manufacturer on the Bellarine Peninsula
Registered in December 2005, our cheese making concentrates on small quantities
of fine, hand- crafted cheese made from the milk of our small herd of
Saanen milking goats.
Phone 5251 1449 or email email@example.com
We had used some beetroot from our vegie box to make 'Borsch' last night
and were wondering how we might replace vinegar.
Seems Hemphill Apple Juices is a family-owned business operating in Main
Ridge (near Dromana) provide organic apple cider vinegar. ph.5989 6050
One of the most basic 'flavours' in my cooking - deemed somewhat essential.
We'd talked generally about salt coming from Geelong.
Cheetham Salt, the nation's largest salt producer, has a processing plant
at Corio. The 100 Mile Cafe have 'Geelong' salt on their menu.
However I found this: 'The evaporation of seawater at Corio, near Geelong,
was once the largest source of salt in Victoria, but most production now
comes from Lake Tyrrell, near Ouyen, and is supplemented by small intermittent
producers in the Mildura, Horsham and Kerang areas.' I also found that
salt comes from SA to be processed here. I will follow up with a phone
call to Cheetham.
Alternatives just outside our zone were ' Murray River' Gourmet salt flakes,
near Mildura, and ' Pyramid Salt' who are developing methods of land desalinisation
through commercial solar salt production, and are based in Pyramid Hill
on the Loddon Plains, which is about 200 kms from Melbourne. Like rubbing
salt on a wound!. For future reference, see distributors of Pyramid salt
Fernleigh Farms near Trentham have rare breed pigs, potatoes and and later
on carrots! www.fernleighfarms.com
Wendy's blog - Green Tucker http://greentucker.ata.org.au/
Food producers in the Ballarat region - thanks to Andrew Bray from BREAZE
(Ballarat Renewable Energy And Zero Emissions) http://www.breaze.org.au/balfoodlist/
Thinking Food Miles, have had some great finds this week.
* Spelt and Rye
flour Wheat from Powlett Hill Biodynamic Farm, 40 kilometres north of
Ballarat, see www.theallorganicfarm.com.au
* Oats from Lightwood Farm in Bullarto, near Dalyesford
* Fish from Melbourne's bay (so I'm told by Footscray market monger) -
Maceral, Bay Trout, Silver Bream, and Snapper. Be a-Bay-Trout-tasting
Best of all was
that I came across this great resource - the 'Victorian organic food products
directory 2007', published by the Victorian Government in association
with the Organic Federation of Australia. It's organic produce from all
over Victoria, but thought I'd utilise Google Maps to give an indication
of our 160km boundary.
You can see all the listings as place markers and then go to each for
details. But I thought I'd try to make it a little more user-friendly
by taging the listees. You can narrow what is displayed by choosing a
broad product category (ie: 1. Grains, Pulses, Breads; 2. Meat & Dairy;
3. Fruit & Vegetables; or 4. Other ..includes honey, coffee, tea,
olives, seeds, processed food & products). Or you can choose the type
of listee (ie: Grower, Processor, or Wholesaler).
I have also posted a spreadsheet of the contents so you can search for
See the link at our page www.ethical.org.au/100miletrial
11 : Initial meeting
Pipke, Sean Walsh, Neesh Wray, Shannon Newley, Kim Conrnford, Michael
Green, Carla Dobell, Ken Johnson, Janet Ray, Nick Ray, Nancy & Max
Leslie, Alisia Hooper, Emma Keogh. Also those interested in being a part
of trial: Phil Hudson, Emma Keldan, Edie Daniels.
had a great meal with assorted somewhat local bits to start off our discussion.
Included Janet's pumpkin soup from Max's homegrown pumpkin.
-· Brief run around group – name, where from, one food you
love with BIG food miles, one you love with SMALL
- Context – short news report on release of 100 Mile Diet book and
input on the 'why's'
· Discussion of possible process (see below) and then brainstorm
in small groups on what we buy, what we know about it, and how it rates.
·- Then returned to large group and outlined what we could eat
in various food groups (see spreadsheet).
-· Discussion on Considerations and what are 'our rules'
-· Finally tied down some essentials – date & future
what we'll do
have taken on certain areas to further investigate.
Presently these are Carla – grains; Shaun – Soy; Ken –
dairy; Nick – fish; Sarah – honey, spices, tea, coffee.
Information can be put into the 'Food Inventory' spreadsheet, with additions
highlighted, and then emailed back to me for collation. I will post updated
versions at www.ethical.org.au/100miletrial
I encourage everyone to add their old and new discoveries, and take on
areas that may interest you.
possible menus beforehand. Be good to share these to give others ideas.
Date of trial:
Sunday 30th November – Saturday 6th December (First week of December
with group together at start and end
In lead in week beforehand, anything bought new meets rules
- Next meeting #1 – Saturday 25th October at Yarraville Farmers
Market, Yarraville Gardens, 12 noon, lunch together
- Next meeting #2 – Saturday 22nd November (week before trial) at
Shaun & Neesh's place, 7 Burns Street, Yarraville
to Intro page